attainments of today.
After the liberation of India
from foreign domination, the continuous agitation of teachers
for better salary and conditions of service has considerably
improved the situation. At present we have more than ten
thousand schools (Lower Primary Schools, Upper Primary
Schools and High Schools) in the Kerala State. The teaching
personnel would be over 70,000. More than half of the
schools in the State are owned by private agencies. In
the Travcancore-Cochin area, the most outstanding agencies
are Christians (Churches), Nairs (N.S.S.) and Ezhavas
(S.N.D.P.). Of the three, the foremost is the Christian
community. Among the Christian agencies, those belonging
to the Roman Catholic community stand first. In the Malabar
area, most of the agencies are individuals.
In addition to the standardization of courses, text books
and examinations, Government has prescribed qualifications
and scales of pay for teaching personnel in both the Primary
and Secondary Schools. It means that the entire system
of education is already under the control of Government.
During President’s Rule it was ordered that the
salaries of teachers in private schools would be paid
in full from the Treasury. This amounted to more or less
equalisation of salaries and allowances of teachers in
public sector and the private sector. Differences still
to be done away with are very few. They are mainly with
regard to pay, allowances, and conditions of service of
private school teachers in the Secondary stage where still
tuition fee is being collected.
Teaching of Religion which was once upon a time the aim
of missionary schools, has since been taken out of the
curriculum. But schools managed by private agencies are
free to teach Religion before time or after time within
the premises of the school provided the parents of the
children who attend religious instruction do not object.
The following important points emerge from the account:-
(i) All the schools managed by private agencies in the
State are within the school system sponsored and controlled
by the State.
(ii) The system of education obtained in those schools
is as secular as that obtained in Government schools.
(iii) The recurring expenditure is disbursed in full from
(iv) Appointment and security of service of teachers are
at the mercy of the managers in spite of departmental